Poultry farming in Kenya has gained much prominence in the recent times, it is considered one of the most profitable ventures due to the rising demand of chicken and other poultry products by restaurants and households. Other than being used as food, it has also contributed immensely in the agricultural sector in Kenya in the last few years. You don’t have to be a farmer or an expert to start a poultry farm. This is how to go about it:
Dedication – is a key element to achieving success in any venture you set your mind into. To succeed, one needs to be passionate, be willing to make sacrifices and dedicate yourself on what you consider important.
Business Plan- You need to have a plan as this will guide you on what goals you wish to achieve and how you intend to achieve them e.g. where and how to get the capital,the type of business you want to pursue e.t.c. There are basically 3 types of chicken available in Kenya, settle on what will bring good returns.
- 1. Pullets also known as Layers is reared specially for egg production.
- 2. Cockerel is a male chicken, it is quite easy to rear and can be ready for market in just 6 months. As compared to others they can withstand the outside elements and hard weather conditions.
- 3. Broilers are reared especially for meat production. They grow fast and can be ready for market in just 3 months.
Capital -is a necessary tool for any business set up. It is what determines the initial costs involved in any business enterprise. The amount of capital invested in a business determines the outcome but only if proper budgeting and planning is done.
Farm Size- this will be determined by the number of chicken one intends to have, the higher the number of chicken, the larger the farm. The size should be ideal to accommodate the numbers without pressure.
Chicken Health - This is a major concern in production. In order to maintain and improve on the chicken, building a cage that is well ventilated, warm and secure enough to keep them away from predators is mandatory. Proper sanitation should be adhered to as this will reduce incidences of pests and disease attacks. In case of pest and disease incidences, use of treatment inputs becomes vital and the list of these products can be accessed from shambaza.com, a directory linking farmers to suppliers. This should then be followed by proper feeding regime and regular health checks on the chicken in order to maintain their productivity.
Market your produce-This can be achieved by advertising your produce to both the consumers and customers either by yourself or through brokers
Record Keeping- keeping records of all the inputs brought into the farm (capital) and output taken out of the farm (produce) is necessary as it will let you know whether or not your business is generating profits or losses, this being the major objective of any business.
Keep these important factors in mind while starting a http://shambaza.com/poultry%20farm in Kenya and enjoy the profits of poultry farming.