IPM is a combination of common sense and scientific principles. It's a way of thinking about pest management that values:
- Using knowledge about the pest's habits, life cycle, needs and dislikes
- Using the least toxic methods first, up to and including pesticides
- Monitoring the pest's activity and adjusting methods over time
- Tolerating harmless pests, and
- Setting a threshold to decide when it's time to act
These actions are important parts of any IPM endeavor:
- Identify the pest in the most specific terms possible
- Learn about the pest's biology (habits, life cycle, needs and dislikes)
- Take steps to exclude the pest from the area, if possible
- Try to remove the pest's food, water and shelter
- Determine the pest's travel patterns and find their home-base
- Identify all of your control options (the "tools in the toolbox") before acting
Agricultural professionals like farmers, fisherman and ranchers have been using IPM techniques for centuries. Crop rotation is one example because it disrupts the life cycle of many pests. In many agricultural settings, the principles of IPM apply.http://shambaza.com/IPM
In agriculture, IPM strategies can be large-scale, even nation-wide. Quarantines and import inspectionshelp to exclude pests from counties, states or whole regions. Open communication helps everyone monitor the activity of important pests.
Article from National Pesticide Information Centre.